Search for investors/partners – Chokeberry plantation – Thailand

          Date: 2014

          What are Chokeberries ?

          The chokeberry (Lat. aronia melanocarpa) is a roseaceaous plant that belongs to the biological family of Rosaceae. It is native to North America and grows in the wild from central Canada to Florida in the USA.

          Budding Aronia plant - one of the first one in Thailand.

          Budding Aronia plant – one of the first one in Thailand.

          Why is DKNA planing an Aronia plantation?

          Populations are aging everywhere. With increased age come various forms of degenerative diseases. A healthy and flexible nutrition (aka: Superfoods) can reduce and perhaps prevent such ailments. In addition the managing founder has a background of F&B management and culinary arts, he observes the growing trend, that Chefs are seeking ever  more diverse, new and healthy ingredients. Also in Thailand and S.E. Asia.

          What is DKNA looking for?

          DKNA an environmental sustainability specialist company is seeking for likeminded partners in the endeavor of planning, executing and operating an aronia plantation in Thailand. Climate requirement of subsequent area should be able to provide ca. 800 hours of 37 – 48 Fahrenheit (2.7 – 8.8 Celsius) to ensure optimal growth rates. For yield per acre and other commercial info please contact us.

          Aronia Berries

          Aronia Berries on sample plants. BKK, June 11th 2014

          What are the benefits of chokeberries?

          Widely considered an environmentally friendly plant, due to the high pest resistance of the plant. Therefor no pesticides need to be administered in plantations.

          The growing interest in the cultivation of aronia (chokeberry) is due to the exceptional properties of its fruit. It is a very good raw material for processing, and its chemical composition allows it to be regarded as medicinal fruit. Of all the known fruits chokeberries have the highest antioxidant activity. By consuming aronia (chokeberry) preserves, we “sweep” free radical out of our body with astonishing efficiency. (source: Prof. Iwona Wawer, Medical University of Warsaw)

          Aronia (chokeberry) combines the benefits of red wine and green tea – it contains both anthocyanins and catechins. In the event of health problems – aronia (chokeberry)-derived anthocyanins may help in the treatment of many diseases of free-radical etiology: Cataracts, rheumatism, Alzheimer and Parkinson’s disease and Cancers…..

          Due to its valuable content of vitamins, chokeberry is qualified as a medicinal plant, particularly useful in the treatment of civilization-related diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, gastritis and – as demonstrated in the recent studies – chokeberry fruit help neutralize the detrimental effect of radioactive radiation on a human body.

          The chemical composition of black chokeberries may vary slightly depending on the region of cultivation and weather conditions during the growing season. Fresh, ripe chokeberries contain 74-83% water and 26-17%, respectively, dry matter. Chokeberries contain about 18% soluble solids, such as sugars, acids, tannins, pectins, pigments and mineral salts.

          The biggest share among the soluble substances are sugars, whose total content in the fresh fruit mass is 6.2-10.8%, where 4.3-5.9% are monosaccharide, fructose and glucose, while the rest is saccharose.

          The content of organic acids in black chokeberry fruit is relatively insignificant – expressed in malic acid it is 0.7-1.3%. Thus, the sugar/acid ratio is quite high and it is ca. 8.

          The presence of tannins contributes to the flavour of chokeberry fruit, the content of which in ripe fruit is ca. 0.35%. Tannins give the fruit their characteristic flavour, so much valued in food processing industry, winemaking in particular.

          Black Aronia fruit show high contents of pectin substances (between 0.63 and 0.75%) and therefore can be used for jelly products and marmalades.

           

          Mineral acids and Vitamins

          The content of ashes is higher than in other berries, such as currants, raspberries or gooseberries, i.e. 1.55 g of ash substances per 100 g of fruit. Ash substances contain significant amounts of calcium (ca. 7.8%) and very valuable microelements, such molybdenum (0.32-1.88 mg%), manganese (3.66-9.64 mg%), copper (0.81-2.97 mg%) and boron (0.15-0.71 mg%).

          Due to its valuable content of vitamins, chokeberry is qualified as a medicinal plant, particularly useful in the treatment of civilization-related diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, gastritis and – as demonstrated in the recent studies – chokeberry fruit help neutralize the detrimental effect of radioactive radiation on a human body.

           

          Aronia fruit also contain vitamins: P, C, PP, B2, B9, E and carotene (pro-Vitamin A). Among those, the content of Vitamin P is incomparably high compared to other fruits – it varies between 1200 and 3977 mg% in fresh fruit, 2500-3500 mg% on the average. In chokeberry fruit Vitamin P appears in the bioflavonoid group of: colourless catechin 600-1500 mg%, red anthocyanins 600-1300 mg% and insignificant amounts of yellow flavonoids.

          Owing to such a high content of P-active compounds, chokeberry fruit and their preserves are used in the treatment of certain conditions. Effective 4 April 1959, the Pharmacological Board of the former USSR Ministry of Health recommended black chokeberry fruit and juice for wide clinical use in the treatment of hypertension, arteriosclerosis and gastritis. In 1966 industrial scale production of Vitamin C+P started, with ascorbic acid and Vitamin P obtained from dried chokeberry pomace (containing 16600-18250 mg%) as a raw material. This medical product is recommended in the treatment of haemorrhoids, capillary conditions, haemorrhages and – in the first place – hypertension. In Poland, chokeberry juice is the basis for geriatric drugs.

           

          The contents of vitamins in chokeberry fruit are as follows: Vitamin C 14-28 mg% (max. up to 50 mg%), carotene (pro-Vitamin A) 1.8-2.5 mg%, B2 0.1 mg%, B9 0.05-0.1 mg%, E 0.5-0.8 mg%, PP 0.6-0.8 mg%.

          Juice extracted from fresh chokeberry fruit (7-9% sugars, 0.8-1.1% acids, ca. 400 mg% Vitamin P, all the above mentioned vitamins and microelements, as well as small amounts of yeast and natural antibiotics) is widely used in medicine and food processing. With fresh fruit the juice extraction rate is ca. 75%, and with frozen fruit it increases up to 80%. With the addition of sugar, chokeberry juice tastes nice and can be used both for immediate consumption and for jelly desserts, colouring and as an additive to carbonated waters and other drinks. Natural chokeberry juice has an intensive and clear ruby-red colour, which makes it ideal to blend with colourless juices, e.g. apple juice, which is of particular value in winemaking.

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